As a Jeep owner, it is not a good sight to see some smoke coming under the hood. This unwelcome view may be a sign that your vehicle is overheating. Apart from the smoke, if the temperature gauge light is on and has a blown head gasket, then your precious vehicle is probably overheating.
But why is my Jeep Wrangler overheating? A vehicle like the Jeep Wrangler can overheat for so many reasons. Some components like the fan, thermostat, water pump, and others are probably not working correctly, causing the vehicle to overheat. Other reasons and possible solutions will also be discussed in this article.
Reasons Why Jeep Wrangler Overheats
As the owner, you need to be familiar with your Jeep Wrangler. Meaning, if you experience an overheating engine, it is essential for you to know how to diagnose and find ways to rectify the issue.
Overheating engines is usually caused by abnormal coolant temperatures, which indicates issues surrounding your vehicle’s cooling system. This cooling system consists of various components which should be inspected immediately to prevent the problem from further damaging your vehicle.
Please find below some components of the Jeep’s cooling system, which can be one of the reasons why your vehicle overheats.
Coolant Level is Dropping
The engine coolant, also known as antifreeze, is a fluid that picks up the extra heat coming from the vehicle’s engine. The coolant will protect the engine from overheating while also lubricating those components it comes into contact with.
For the Jeep’s cooling system to operate at the optimum level, it should contain enough coolant on the system. The coolant will move around the engine and absorb all the heat to maintain the coolness of your Jeep’s engine.
Unfortunately, some Jeep owners fail to regularly check the coolant level of their vehicle, which makes them unaware of the low coolant level. To check the coolant level, remove the radiator cap to see its current coolant level.
If it is low, make sure to fill the radiator with coolant until it is full. You can also top up the coolant overflow tank up to the minimum fill line or probably more if you want. You can also check the radiator cap if it is still in excellent condition. A faulty one can also have a negative effect on the cooling system.
Radiator and Fan Issues
If you are constantly using your Jeep in off-road activities, there is a tendency for the engine and its parts particularly the radiator and the cooling fan, to be covered with mud, dirt, and other types of debris. Once the radiator, the cooling fan, and the fan shroud are covered with all of this dirt, it greatly reduces the cooling system’s efficiency.
What you do is remove these wanted visitors in your engine by removing and cleaning it thoroughly. You need to clean the cooling fan and the radiator as required. Make sure to check if the fan is working all the time. If it is not, then fixing it is a must.
There are also moments that your vehicle overheats while you are idle; it’s probably because the fan is not working at all. When your vehicle is on a halt, a fan without issues will automatically turn on, regulating the temperature of the coolant and the radiator.
The thermostat is a part of the endive, which works as a valve that opens and closes depending on the temperature. It can separate the engine from the radiator until such time that it reaches the required temperature.
Once the coolant reaches the needed temperature, the thermostat will open to let the coolant circulate into the vehicle’s cooling system. However, a failed thermostat will cause the coolant flow blockage, making the vehicle’s engine overheating.
So, it is a must for you to check if the thermostat is working just fine. As an owner, it is also a must for you to maintain it regularly. Replacing a thermostat should not be a problem since it is affordable.
Water Pump Issues
The water pump is considered the engine’s heart where it is responsible for pumping the coolant through to the engine while helping it work efficiently. The primary responsibility of the water pump is to distribute and circulate the coolant to the engine’s cooling system.
Although you will not often encounter issues with the water pump, a defective one will allow the temperature to rise. In addition, when the seal of the water pump fails, it can cause a leaking water pump that can significantly reduce the coolant to very low levels.
When you have a damaged water pump, you will probably hear a growling noise which will be louder as you increase the engine’s speed. You can remove the serpentine belt while checking its overall condition. Ensure that the pulleys spin properly or replace the water pump entirely.
Leaking Head Gasket
A blown or leaking head gasket can also cause cooling issues in your Jeep Wrangler. There are many ways that a head gasket can fail in doing its job, but having to do so can cause the cylinder head to deform while preventing the gasket from sealing thoroughly.
Checking a leaking gasket is tough because you will need to disassemble the engine. However, some signs indicate a leaking head gasket. When you see the white smoke and bubbles resulting from too much pressure on the cooling system, it’s probably because of a leaking head gasket.
You will also experience low coolant levels even if there are no leaks. Also, when the engine oil mixes with the coolant, it is probably because of a leaking head gasket. Fixing the gasket is one of your solutions, but replacing it can also be done.
When I experience it the first time, I often ask myself why is my Jeep Wrangler overheating. As discussed, there are many possible reasons for this issue to happen. As a Jeep owner, it is essential for you to know all the possible causes and always be prepared. Finding the right solutions to solve the overheating issue is always crucial and is part of the maintenance process of the vehicle.