In this article, we will be reviewing ten shocks for Jeep Wrangler available in the market. If you are not familiar, a shock is an essential component of your vehicle in providing comfort and smoothness of the ride. Of course, the stock shocks of your Jeep are good enough for your daily usage. But, if you want to take it to the next level, then having the best Jeep Wrangler shocks should be an excellent alternative for you.
The best riding shocks for Jeep Wrangler were built to absorb bumps on the road to ensure a smooth and comfortable ride. For this review, we will be recommending the best product that has passed our standards in terms of testing, research, and feedback from the Jeep owners community. We also intend to provide other information to ensure that every Jeep Wrangler owner can have the best shocks for Jeep Wrangler in their vehicle.
Table of Contents
- Best Shock for Jeep Wrangler Reviews
- 1. Rancho RS5000X Gas Shocks
- 2. Bilstein 5100 Series Shock Absorber
- 3. TeraFlex 1545100 Front Rear All 4 Shock Kit
- 4. Rough Country N3 Rear Shock Absorbers
- 5. Detroit Axle Front Rear Shocks Absorbers
- 6. Rubicon Express SK010504RXT Twintube Shock
- 7. Southwest Speed Bilstein Front Rear Shocks
- 8. Maxorber NEW Full Set Shocks
- 9. Skyjacker MAX Shock Absorbers
- 10. Fox Performance Rear Pair Shocks
- What to Look For When Buying a Shock for Jeep Wrangler
- Frequently Asked Questions
Best Shock for Jeep Wrangler Reviews
1. Rancho RS5000X Gas Shocks
The stock shock of your Jeep Wrangler should be enough for your day-to-day usage. However, if you have done around 60 to 80 thousand miles, I suggest replacing it with new Jeep Wrangler replacement shocks. Also, if you feel that the shocks no longer provides comfort to your vehicle, then this shock set from Rancho is an excellent option for you. It is one of the top shocks for Jeep JK with its unique and innovative functionalities.
One of the outstanding features of this Jeep Wrangler unlimited shocks is the unique rebound valving system and an advanced compression phase of the shock absorber. These features will help enhance the overall performance of your Jeep on and off the road. Having this shock set will let you drive comfortably on both highway and forest roads. The shocks will also provide a more grounded ride and can reduce the nose dive when braking.
Another outstanding feature of this product is the large shock body which helps in allowing an increase in fluid capacity to operate a cooler and enhance vehicle control. The result is a more comfortable and enhanced performance of your Jeep at different speeds and road conditions. For example, when you hit a pothole or navigate a difficult road obstacle, allowing the early flow of fluid will reduce the initial impact. Also, when dealing with on and off the road activities, this feature will help minimize the rough ride.
I was also impressed with the installation process as it was pretty straightforward. Actually, the shocks can be installed without jacking the vehicle. It can probably cost you about three hours during the installation process. The challenge was installing the front passenger shock since the top shaft was bolted very tight on my Jeep. It may not be the same with your Jeep model, but overall, the installation was quick and easy.
Finally, this shock will also fit with other four-wheel-drive vehicles while all the necessary needed nuts, bushings, and washers are included in the product package. But keep in mind that the factory mounting bolts are still required during the installation process. So, make sure to keep them.
- Built with a unique rebound valving system to improve the performance of your Jeep
- Large shock body provides a much cooler and enhances vehicle control
- Quick and easy to install; does not need vehicle jacking
- With fit in other four-wheel-drive vehicles
- It will help reduce the impact on a bumpy road
- Provides more control and stability to the vehicle
- Installation of the front passenger shock can be a challenge
This product is an outstanding shock for Jeep Wrangler JK. Installing it to the vehicle was easy while helping improve the ride compared to the factory stocks. It will also make the ride smoother and more comfortable even in difficult road conditions.
2. Bilstein 5100 Series Shock Absorber
The Jeep’s shock absorbers are there to help control the impact and movement of the vehicle to have a smoother and comfortable ride. However, if you feel that your Jeep is feeling a bit bouncy or you experience excessive body lean when braking, those are the best signals that it is now high time to replace the shock. For the replacement, an excellent option is this shock absorber from Bilstein, which is suitable shock for Jeep Wrangler JL.
Comparing it to the first product that I reviewed earlier, this shock absorber for Jeep Wrangler is different when it comes to its purpose. Apart from the Jeep Wrangler, this shock absorber caters more to off-roading cars and Jeep enthusiasts doing other similar types of off-roading activities. The Bilstein 5100 is more fitted to lifted trucks, Jeeps with larger wheels, and other modified trucks or vehicles other than those coming from the factory.
Also, this shock absorber for Jeep Wrangler provides a firmer ride compared to the stock shock. It comes with a firmer valved since it is intended for bigger wheels and tires or vehicles with added off-road equipment. However, the response of this shock varies between vehicles but rest assured that when installed in your Jeep, the ride will be upgraded to have a better and more comfortable ride.
Also, these shock absorbers feature a monotube design which gives a consistent fade-free performance while using a velocity-sensitive piston that can quickly adapt to the ever-changing road conditions. Whether you are driving on a difficult trail or navigating on other off-road paths, these shock absorbers can significantly improve the quality of the ride, comfort, and handling.
The Bilstein 5100 is probably one of the most in-demand replacement shocks and an excellent upgrade for your Jeep. It will provide improved handling, outstanding durability and can help improve those lifted vehicles. As for your Jeep Wrangler, this is one of the most trustworthy shocks for Jeep JK with leveling kit that you need to have in your car.
- Provides efficiency to rugged terrain and broken roads
- Excellent for both on and off-roading driving activities
- Provides a consistent and fade-free performance
- Provides easy installation feature
- Drastically improves the handling while providing excellent durability
- It will not fit some vehicle types
If you are a Jeep owner doing consistent off-road driving activities, this shock absorber can be an excellent replacement for your vehicle. It will provide better handling and exceptional durability while giving the comfort you need in the ride.
3. TeraFlex 1545100 Front Rear All 4 Shock Kit
When your Jeep Wrangler is difficult to steer or bouncing wildly when dealing with bumps and potholes, even if the road is not that rough, there is a big chance that the shocks are no longer adequate. And the need to replace it is the best solution to bring back the comfort and the smoothness of the ride. In any case, should you replace the shock, this shock absorber from TeraFlex is an excellent option for your lifted Jeep Wrangler.
One of the upsides of having excellent shocks for Jeep Wrangler TJ is the high-quality velocity valving programmed to work perfectly with the TeraFlex Suspension system. So, if your Jeep Wrangler is lifted with any of those suspension kits made from TeraFlex, this shock absorber can fit easily into your vehicle. The result is an excellent and more comfortable ride once this shock is installed in your vehicle.
Another upside of using this product is having durability and a longer lifespan once installed in your vehicle. Thanks to its triple-chromed rod, which ensures smooth operation while the presence of an oil block and seal will wipe the shock rod during the compression process. This process will keep all of the internal fluids adequately sealed and contained, resulting in a longer lifespan. Meanwhile, a travel stop limiter helps in minimizing the impact of over-compression.
This product is physically built with heavy-duty twin-tube design construction, which helps protect from any damage when navigating on a difficult road. Meanwhile, this shock is equipped with a black e-dipped finish that has the ability to resist salt and other corrosives even in the most challenging road conditions.
Also, this product comes with high-quality rubber bushings to help enhance ride quality. Meanwhile, the Jeep-specific mounting ends are vulcanized to the bushing to assists in having a hassle-free installation of your Jeep. Yes, this shock absorber is easy to install and will change the quality of the ride for the better.
- Quick and easy installation; with easy-to-follow instructions
- Will fit with the TeraFlex suspension system
- It comes with premium-quality rubber bushings to assists in refining ride quality
- Built with a triple-chromed rod that helps to increase the lifespan of the shock
- It comes with black e-dipped finished that can withstand salt and other corrosive in different road conditions
- Some missing hardware
Overall, this product is a perfect shock for Jeep TJ. It is an excellent shock that looks great on the outside and performs very well once installed in your vehicle. It will produce a fantastic ride if paired with a 2.5 in TeraFlex coil spring lift.
4. Rough Country N3 Rear Shock Absorbers
When you see a leaking fluid on the exterior of the shock of your Jeep Wrangler, that is an obvious sign that there is a problem. For one, shock absorbers cannot absorb the impact when you drive if it does not have enough hydraulic fuel. You can make sure by wiping it and then rechecking it. If the leaking persists, it is high time to replace your vehicle’s shock with this shock absorber from Rough Country.
The primary purpose of this shock for Jeep Wrangler is to provide an excellent combination of giving comfort and a smoother ride while you are on the highway or off-roading adventures. Thanks to its 10 stage variable valving high nitrogen-charged that assists in adjusting whatever road conditions you are in. The result is still a comfortable and smooth ride for anyone.
Another purpose of this Jeep Wrangler component is to provide and solid and durable shock absorber that can withstand different road conditions and last for an extended period. It is built with a highly durable 18mm spring-loaded piston rod and a quick-cooling 54mm shock body that provides resistance to any road conditions to have a longer lifespan compared to other regular shocks.
Physically, these monotube shocks are designed body-up to give a more exciting look to your Jeep Wrangler. It is one of top shocks for Jeep YJ that features natural rubber bushings and an eye-catching metallic silver paint to give an excellent appearance under your Jeep Wrangler.
So, if you are navigating rough terrain or a smooth road in the city, this shock absorber will give you flawless ride quality and comfortable performance during the ride. In addition, installation is effortless as the bushings are already in and combined with an easy-to-follow instruction manual.
- Spring-loaded piston rod seal provides excellent durability and strength
- 10 stage variable valving offers a unique blend of awesome off-road action and smooth highway ride quality
- It comes with metallic silver paint that stands out under your vehicle
- Chromed hardened piston gives the shock durability and longevity
- Quick installation; bushings are already in
- Sold in pairs
This shock absorber for your Jeep Wrangler provides an excellent value and even more reliability and functionality. It will give you a perfect and comfortable ride, whether off-road or on a regular highway, and comes with an amazing look that standout when installed in your Jeep.
5. Detroit Axle Front Rear Shocks Absorbers
According to most manufacturers, once your vehicle has reached 50,000 miles, a close inspection of it should be considered. This action is to check most of the parts of your vehicle, including the suspension components. Should the mechanic find a faulty shock, replacing it is the best solution using this shock absorber from Detroit Axle. It is a suitable shock for Jeep YJ that combines quality and durability.
The best thing about this product is that you will get shock absorbers and sway bar links altogether. It provides a complete package that will give your Jeep Wrangler new components to ensure comfort and a smooth ride once installed. This kit includes two front shock absorbers, two rear shock absorbers, two front sway bar links, and two rear sway bar links.
Quality-wise, these suspension components are built to meet the demands of your Jeep Wrangler and other types of cars, trucks, and SUVs. You just need to make sure that all of these components will fit into your vehicle. Once it is installed, your Jeep’s stopping will be so much better. You will have sharper turns and will feel fewer jolts when hitting bumps and rough roads. In other words, driving will be more comfortable and smoother with these new suspension components.
Also, the installation will be easy since these two components come in excellent quality. The front shocks come with two rubber grommets, two steel retainers, and a lock nut for every single shock. However, the nuts and bolts coming from the old shock will be reused in the installation, so it is better to keep them when removing the old shocks as you will use them again during the installation process.
Overall, I was impressed with this product’s total package. You will be amazed to get all four shocks and four solidly built sway bar links, which is a generous addition by the company.
- Will fit easily on Jeep Wrangler
- Excellent construction; built to withstand the challenge of different road conditions
- Provides durability and quality
- Quick and easy installation
- Includes two high-quality sway bar links
- Missing parts
These shocks for Jeep Wrangler look good, and the quality is impressive. The addition of two sway bar links is an excellent offer that should provide the best value compared to the other brands. Not only that, but the result of installing these components will also change the quality of your ride for the better.
6. Rubicon Express SK010504RXT Twintube Shock
Is it worth replacing your stock shocks? Yes, it is, once the shock is already worn out and has achieved the mileage limitation with your Jeep Wrangler. Replacing this worn component will restore the quality of the ride and the handling of your Jeep, similar to when it was brand new. Replacing new shocks can also prevent additional wear for your tire. Having said that, these shock absorbers from Rubicon express are an excellent option for your Jeep Wrangler with their superb quality and durability.
Speaking of durability and quality, these twin-tube shocks are built to withstand every road challenge, whether off-road or just the regular highway. This product is made with oversized shock bodies and a thick piston that provides maximum control of your Jeep Wrangler. Not only that, the high-quality chrome shafts provide premium strength that can withstand any challenges on the road. Whether it’s a difficult terrain or a rough road, these shock absorbers are ready to make you feel safe and comfortable during the ride.
Also, the overall construction of this shock absorber is impressive in the sense that it is well-designed and well-planned to meet the demands of your Jeep Wrangler. In fact, this shock also includes multi-lip seals, rebound tops, black urethane bushings, and double-welded rings to ensure durability to last longer compared to other standard shocks.
Another upside in using this product is its flexibility. These twin-tube shocks are tuned application-specific. Meaning, you will never have to worry about ride quality, even if they are paired with a new suspension system. What’s great about these shock absorbers is that they will just do their job regardless of other installations that you will do in your vehicle.
As for my experience using this brand, the moment it was installed in my Jeep, I instantly saw a big difference. I can really tell that this was a heavy-duty shock that provides a smoother ride on my vehicle. Even though this was for lifted vehicles, they still work well with stock suspensions which were terrific.
- Developed and tuned for each specific application
- Built with oversized shock bodies and similarly thick pistons to provide maximum control
- Provides great handling characteristics
- Built with high-quality chrome shafts to provide maximum strength
- Quick and easy installation
- It does not fit all vehicles
This shock absorber for Jeep is highly recommended. The functionalities and features it offers will contribute heavily to making your Jeep a smooth and comfortable ride. It can give you better handling and maximum control to give you the safest ride for your vehicle.
7. Southwest Speed Bilstein Front Rear Shocks
When you feel abnormal vibrations into the steering wheel or starting to experience excessive nose-dive while braking, there is a big chance that your shock absorbers are no longer working properly. Also, if your Jeep is bouncing too long after a bump, replacing your shocks should be the next best thing to do. With that said, these New Bilstein Gas Shock Absorbers are an excellent option for you, especially if you have a lifted Jeep, SUVs, and pickups.
When compared to the other shock absorbers, this product shares some similarities in features and functionalities. But, the most significant difference in having this shock for your Jeep Wrangler is the way it is built for its purpose. Meaning, these high gas pressure monotube shocks are designed specifically for lifted Jeeps, pickups, and SUVs. Other than that, you can probably look for other shocks in the market.
A friend of mine put these shock absorbers into his Jeep Wrangler to replace the old shocks, and this product made a huge difference in ride quality. The ride is a lot firmer, and he was amazed by the big difference compared to the old shocks. Needless to say, the replacement and the installation were a success, and the shock looks good under the vehicle.
Meanwhile, I did check on the product and was impressed with the 46mm digressive piston. This feature offers super damping ability, which makes it ideal for heavy hauling. Also, this shock absorber is perfect for occasional off-road adventures while also maintaining the comfort and smoothness of the street ride. So, if you have a lifted Jeep, then installing it on your vehicle is an excellent upgrade that you can do for your vehicle.
Also, it is no surprise that this brand Bilstein is the go-to brand for many Jeep components. You will never have issues with their product, including this shock absorber. You can even do some Overlanding activities with your Jeep on rocky trails and occasional crawling, and these shocks can still do better compared to the brands in providing comfort and smoothness on the ride.
- Quick and easy installation
- Built to improved ride quality
- Digressive piston provides excellent damping ability
- Provides comfort and smoothness on the ride
- Designed for lifted Jeeps, pickups, and SUVs
- Will not fit for stock Jeep
These shock absorbers are for Jeep owners looking for reliability and quality in the product. It works perfectly on lifted Jeeps, which means if you have one, this product is an excellent replacement for your shocks. Installing these shocks will make a difference in improving the quality of the ride.
8. Maxorber NEW Full Set Shocks
Like other automotive parts, the vehicle’s shocks follow a specific maintenance schedule. Experts have been consistent in saying that shocks must be replaced every 50,000 to 100,000 of mileage. But, that is a general recommendation to everyone. However, if your vehicle shows some signs that the shocks are not performing up to the standard, replacing it which this shock absorber kit from Maxorber is an excellent option for you and your Jeep.
One of the upsides of using this shock for Jeep Wrangler is its excellent quality and construction. It is built with a hard chromed piston rod with microcracks chromed surfaced and ultra-precision vertical polishing. These features will ensure smooth contact between the piston rod and the seal to have an excellent performance. Also, the high-quality oil seal reduces the friction between the piston rod and the seal to provide no squeaking noise and exceptional durability.
Another upside in using this product is the usage of pressurized N2 gas that eliminates foaming and aerating to ensure better performance of the shock. It also uses high-performance absorber oil, which provides anti-foam and anti-shear properties that significantly reduce the internal wear of the shock to ensure a longer lifespan compared to other shock absorbers.
Also, installing this shock absorber in the Jeep will be a breeze as it fits nicely without any problem. It also helps that it is built with a robotic welds mount which is located accurately without deviation for easy and quick installation. Also, the seamless cylinder and sleeve reduce the possibility of spitting, which ensures close contact between the piston and the cylinder without any leakage.
This shock for Jeep Wrangler is also built with premium qualified finish with rush protection. So, if you want to have improved steering, stopping, and stability for the vehicle, this shock absorber kit from Maxorber can do an excellent job for your vehicle.
- Built with Japanese oil seals that provide durability and no squeaking sounds
- Made with premium finished with rust protection property
- Nitrogen gas charged which help enhance steering, stopping, and providing additional stability
- Quick and easy installation
- Built to provide comfort and a smooth ride
- Some parts are missing
This product is an excellent shock for Jeep JK no lift with its excellent construction and quality. It will improve your vehicle’s handling, cabin stability, and short-braking distance while providing a smoother and comfortable ride.
9. Skyjacker MAX Shock Absorbers
If you begin to notice that your Jeep Wrangler is getting less comfortable by the day, chances are, the shock absorbers are not working properly. There are also other signs that indicate that your shock absorbers need replacement, as I mentioned earlier in the review. Should you decide to replace the shock absorbers of your Jeep Wrangler, this product from Skyjacker is an excellent option to have.
The primary purpose of this shock absorber for Jeep Wrangler is to provide a shock that is built to respond to different road conditions, whether driving on a natural road or in off-road trails. The internal components of this shock absorber, such as the true velocity-sensitive valving, can produce a stable and controlled resistance level. This feature will result in better handling, improved stability, and maximum effort on the side of your vehicle.
Another purpose of this product is to provide innovative features that provide benefits and make it stand out compared to other regular shock absorbers. In fact, this shock for Jeep Wrangler is built and under constructed using high-quality materials to withstand the challenges and pressure of the difficult road conditions to ensure durability and a longer lifespan.
Installation was generally easy, but there were some challenges in the installation process. For example, installing the rear top bushings was challenging, but I used a table vice to get the job done. The hardest part was removing the rear upper shock bolts, as it needs a lot of leverage to get the bolts off. Other than that, the installation was relatively easy and only required some common sense.
Lastly, this shock absorber will deliver a safe and comfortable ride. It also improves the handling and stability of your Jeep Wrangler. This shock absorber will also keep the tires in contact with the terrain while putting you in control of the road ahead.
- Built to respond on and off the road conditions immediately
- Provides technical innovations that increase the stability and durability of the shock
- Provides a controlled level of resistance for better handling and improved stability
- Ability to keep the tires in contact with the terrain
- Easy installation process
- Subpar paint
Overall, this product is an excellent shock for your Jeep Wrangler with its reliability and durability. It will make the ride a lot smoother, but the installation can be a challenge. However, this shock absorber will look good in your vehicle.
10. Fox Performance Rear Pair Shocks
Unlike other vehicle parts, the shocks for Jeep Wrangler do not have a fixed expiration date. However, if you begin to notice signs that it is not working well, the best thing to do is replace your stock shocks with a new one. The best thing about replacing the shocks is you can have all the options and choices available, just like this rear shock from Fox company.
This product is a pair of rear shocks built with the latest shock technology while transforming the performance of your Jeep Wrangler. One of its outstanding features is the excellent dampen control that provides a comfortable ride on a regular road while also providing better handling when dealing with off-road conditions. In short, using this shock for Jeep Wrangler will provide comfort and a smooth ride on the road, and proper handling of the road.
In terms of quality, this shock absorber is built to last even in the most challenging conditions. It is made with precision metal impact aluminum body which increases the cooling capacity and prevents any rust from happening on the surface. Inside the shock is the Internal Floating Station (ISP) monotube design which separates the oil from the gas chamber. The result is the prevention of oil aeration that allows maximum performance.
Also, installation can be easy, but the shock boost and roost shields are sold separately. But all the needed washers, bushings, reservoir clamps, and nuts are included, which means installation to your Jeep will be easy. Also, make sure to keep the factory mounting bolts since they will be needed in the installation process.
Overall, this is an excellent shock absorber if you want to increase the ride quality of your Jeep Wrangler. Installing this product will also allow you to handle even the most challenging road conditions, whether on the highway or off the road.
- It fits with 2WD and 4WD vehicles
- Uses the latest shock technology to provide maximum performance
- Built with an aluminum body to increase cooling capacity and rust-free properties
- Improves predictable ride quality and better handling
- It also provides predictable off-road handling even at the most challenging conditions
- Comes in pair
This product fits a Jeep Wrangler owner who is looking for reliable rear shocks for their vehicle. Physically, this product is durable and looks good once installed in the vehicle. But, the most significant upside is its ability to enhance the comfort and smoothness of the ride compared to the stock shocks.
What to Look For When Buying a Shock for Jeep Wrangler
Most of the Jeep Wrangler shock reviews will only tell you what product to buy. But in our review, we will tell you the proper guide in buying a shock for your Jeep Wrangler. In fact, in this part of our buying guide, we will tell you the different factors you need to know to buy the best shocks for your Jeep Wrangler. Please check our list below:
The Right Fit
When it comes to choosing the right shocks for your Jeep, the primary factor to consider is if it is the right fit for your vehicle. What do you mean by this? Not all shock absorbers are designed to fit every vehicle on the market. You will need to check if the shock brand you are looking for will fit into your Jeep. To check if it is the right fit, you will need to give information about your Jeep, such as the year it is manufactured, the model, and any other related information. From there, the company can quickly check if the shocks can be easily fitted in your vehicle.
The Right Type
What is the correct type of shock absorbers that will fit into your vehicle? It will all depend on your driving style. If you are only using your vehicle on daily driving and light off-road use, the twin-tube shock is an excellent option for you. This shock absorber works best if you are looking for a more comfortable ride while driving on the road. Remember, if you are doing a lot of off-road driving, then this type of shock should be avoided.
However, if you are into serious off-road driving activities, a monotube shock is an excellent fit for your vehicle. It is a nitrogen-charged shock absorber that provides better cooling and more efficiency in the shock. This shock absorber will let you able to run harder off the road but can also be used on a normal road, but the ride will be firmer and stable, which is still okay.
Ease of Installation
Another factor to consider when buying the best shock absorber is the ease of installation. What does it mean? Different shocks come with varying installation processes, but my preference is the one that is easy to install. It should not require a lot of steps to install everything and should not require a lot of time. Also, all the hardware, such as the bolts, nuts, bushings, and others, should be available to ensure an easy installation process.
If you try to purchase a shock absorber, the product package that includes additional components should be considered. For example, we have featured a shock that also includes sway bar links. Meaning, if you can get more components in a single product package apart from the shock absorbers, the better. The product should be highly considered as it gives additional value.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Kind of Shocks for Jeep Wrangler?
The type of shocks for Jeep Wrangler will all depend on the type of driving you are going to do. For example, if you are only doing daily driving and light off-road activities, a twin-tube shock is enough for you. However, if you are doing more extreme adventures and doing a lot of off-road activities, a monotube shock should be the right fit for your vehicle. There are also other types of shocks that will be best suited to a specific type of driving you are doing with your vehicle.
How Long does Jeep Wrangler Shock Last?
In general, most manufacturers advise replacing the shocks of your Jeep Wrangler after 50,000 to 100,000 of mileage. However, this is just a rule of thumb, and it will all depend on the type of driving you are consistently doing with your vehicle. It is also essential to know the signs that your shocks are no longer functioning than usual. For example, if you have been experiencing bumpy and unstable rides, stiff steering, leaking fluids in the shock, worn tires, and even problems in braking, then shock replacement for your vehicle is badly needed.
The best shocks for Jeep Wrangler are those that provide comfort and smoothness when riding on the road. It also gives the driver the ability to control when navigation on rugged terrain. With that said, it is a must for you to choose the right shock that will fit your vehicle in terms of the type of driving you are doing. After all, choosing the correct shocks for Jeep Wrangler is all about improving your vehicle’s performance in terms of comfort and smoothness of the ride.